Aves, p�le ornithologique de Natagora

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Aves, 40/1-4 | 2003 | 50-60

  Black Stork (Ciconia nigra) in France. Revision of the effective breeding birds status.
Villarubias, S., Brossault, P. & Seriot, J.

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It is only in 1973 that the first Black Stork breeding case was recorded for France, in Indre-et-Loire. THe breeding success of the bird then was formally proved in 1976, in Jura (LOISEAU, 1977). The Black Stork is discovered again in Indre-et-Loire in 1979, Maine-et-Loire in 1981, Gers in 1983, and during the 1990-1993 period in Deux-Sèvres, Aube and Ardennes, Lorraine, Vosges, Côte d’Or, Cher and Indre. Those two periods of settlement correspond to those noted in Belgium and Luxemburg. In 1990, the Black Stork breeding populationwas estimated at 13-17 pairs (DUQUET&MICHEL, 1994). Since 1993, as part of a pargram on the “rare and treatened breeding birds in France”, this species was given a closer look with more frequent censuses. That year, 20-38 pairs were counted especially in the centre and centre-west of the country (MICHEL & VILLARUBIAS, 1995). In 1994, the population is estimated to 23-40 pairs spreading from west to east. Twenty-one to forty-one pairs are counted in 1995, and 22-35 pairs in 1997. Those numbers are approximations due to discretion of the species. We noted a relative stagnation from year to year, in contradiction with the international situation. Therefore, it was necessary, according to those results collected during the “Cigognes sans frontières” program and the national enquiry started in 1999, to estimate more accurately the number and the tendency of the breeding population in France.

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Ciconia nigra

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